Here I report the following research result about Fabricatore family, which I've got by referring to literatures, tracing labels, and observing actual instruments from 2000 through 2003.
November 2004, April 2004, May 2005, Sep 2006 , Sep 2007 , Oct 2008 , Oct 2010 : I've made some revisions about Fabricatore based on my study and lots of information, which I received from many countries after the last issue of my report. I really appreciate all the people who gave me the information.
Literatures hadn't clearly told about Giobanni Battista Fabricatore's son. Some had said that Gennaro Fabricatore I might be the son. But, Francesca Seller corrected it to Raffaele as Giobanni's son based on a label of the1824 instrument. Raffaele's 1813 instrument was newly found. The structural feature of the instrument has given us clearer view about the father-son relationship.
I've found their ateliers'(factorys') operation status based on the address and the year on the label.I know the father-son relation and the family tree by making further traces of instruments.
Furthermore, observation and conparison of instruments of Giobanni Battista, Raffaele, and Gennaro shows a common feature, which is that the family used paper for their instruments.
(1) Fabricatore's family tree :
(2) Fabricatore's ateliers - history and location
Chart_Fabricatore_Factories.gif : Oct.2010 Updated!
Conservative and true artisans, Giovanni Battista family : Oct.2010 Updated!
Gennaro factories' rational production system by mass production : Oct.2010 Updated!
(3) Fabricatore family's instruments - notable feature and tendency
Going forward on my research, I sometimes encounter "fakes". I mean "fakes", not "copies". "Fakes" - false instruments made only for moneymaking. Most of them are of violin-group. In the field of violins and cellos, "fakes" have been routinely flooded for long period, and even nowadays. For guitars and mandolins, the percentage is relatively low. Even so, it's always a headache for a researcher like me who study the history and put together records of each instruments statistically.
Fake-label-producers and fake-luthiers have existed around the world since 18th century or earlier. Especially in the field of violins, you could say that the moral has been almost collapsed. It is regrettable that quite high percentage of old violins appearing on net auctions are "fakes".
In my article here, I'm trying to list only authentic products and not to include "fakes", as best I can. But, it may be impossible to remove all the "fakes", as I'm not gaining every product for direct investigation by myself. When you read my article, please keep the circumstance in mind and use the information as one of the sources. I hope my research can be of your help for your further investigation.
Literature and instruments data
[*1] Dizionario dei costruttori di strumenti a pizzico in Italia dal XV al XX second : Giovanni Antonioni / Francesca Seller 1996
[*2] Die geigen und lautenmacher (II Band) VERLEGT BEIHANS SCHNEIDER-TUTZING 1975
[*3] Encyclopedia of violin-makers Volume I (A-K) : Karel Jalovec / PAUL HAMLYN . LONDON 1968
[*4] UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY OF VIOLIN AND BOW MAKERS Volume II : WILLIAM HENLEY / AMATI Publishing LTD 1960
[*5] Liuteria Italiana Inedita : Azzolina,U. / Turris 1991
[*6] RENE VANNES Dictionaire Universel des Luthiers LES AMIS DE LA MUSIQUE 1999
[*7] DE MANDOLINE EN DE GUITAAR DOOR DE EEUWEN HEEN / ALEX TIMMERMAN 1994
[*8] The VIOLIN Its Famous Makers 1875 1st edition /G.HART
[*9] La Chitarra di Liuteria "Masterpieces of Guitar Making" : Libro/ Stefano Grondona & Luca Waldner
[*10] The illustrated History of the Guitar: Alexander Bellow / FRANCO COLOMBO, Inc. NY 1970
[*11] Les luthiers italiens aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siecles
[*12] Sotheby's : Auction Catalogs
[*13] PHILLIPS : Auction Catalogs
[*14] Musical instruments Dealers
[*15] The Look of Music / P.T.Young(VMPA) 1980
[*16] Museum or art museum
[*17] Christie's Auction catalogs
[*18] Player's or private.
[*web] Many parsonal and official web site (cite-musique.fr , eBAY Auction, etc...)
[*collections] Instruments : My guitar collections and my friends parsonal collections.
[*19] Musica a Corte in collezione: Comune di Modena/Assessorato allo Sport, SerateEstensi 2002
[*20] THE INSTRUMENT CATALOGS OF LEOPOLDO FRANCIOLINI by Edwin M.Ripin
Any comment is appreciated. I'd like to keep updating and revising this article with new information. Please e-Mail me.
Thank you for reading.
CRANE Homepage by Makoto Tsuruta
from TOKYO, JAPAN